As we grow older our skin changes and we go to great lengths to keep our skin looking young and fresh by applying creams which is why it’s important to know what is happening underneath our skin to affect its pigmentation, or color.
What is pigmentation?
Pigmentation is the color of a person’s skin and in some cases the state of pigmentation on an inidividual can reveal a person’s state of health. Our skin pigmentation can get affected due illness or injury, and become lighter or darker hyperpigmentation . Which is why in these times it’s important to keep an eye on any changes in pigmentation of our skin.
What causes changes in pigmentation?
Excessive sun exposure can lead to structural changes in the skin and can also cause drastic changes to your skin’s pigmentation. The sun’s rays are good for us but it also speed up how active your skin cells, or melanocytes, are. Melanocytes produce melanin, the pigment that gives our skin color, so when our skin gets more exposure to the sun’s radiation means more pigment in our skin.
Treatment and prevention
Treatment for pigmentation includes medicines which contain hydroquinone, azelaic acid, arbutin, tretinoin, kojic acid, glycolic acid, lycopene that contain anti-oxidants. In some cases chemical peels can also used to reduce the formation of pigments and removing layers of dead skin to make it more firm and radiant. To increase the penetration of the peel, Mesotherapy and MDA are combined making it more effective. MDA helps in exfoliating superficial layer of skin and Mesotherapy helps in the penetration of depigmentation agents inside the dermis. After the treatment is complete patient will experience and feel smoother skin texture and even tone.